Generating surplus power from wastewater treatment
Since 2010, Marselisborg wastewater treatment plant has transformed its focus beyond minimising energy consumed, to maximising net energy surplus. Nowadays the facility has net production of both electricity and heat, supplying the district heating system in Denmark’s second-largest municipality, Aarhus. The carbon footprint has been reduced by 35 % accordingly.
Water and wastewater treatment facilities are normally the single largest electricity consumer for a municipality. Typically water and wastewater treatment processes account for 25 – 40 % of the municipal electricity consumption. The high consumption is related to the energy intensive processes but also its continuous operation cycle, 24/7 and 365 days annually.
Over the years focus has been on developing new processes and control strategies to reduce energy consumed per litre of water processed. However at the same time the increasing demands upon wastewater treatment quality, for example in nutrient removal, in turn increase net energy consumption.
Energy balance optimisation
Water and wastewater treatment processes are characterised by high load variation during the 24 hour cycle and seasonally throughout the year. The use of frequency converters has therefore steady increased in order to control blowers, pumps and other motorised equipment, to adapt to the changing demand.
Since 2010 Aarhus Water has worked intensively together with water environment consultants to improve theenergy balance for Marselisborg wastewater treatment plant.
Key steps in the strategy:
- Optimisation of the nitrogen removal process using online sensor control. The frequency converter adapts the level of aeration precisely to the need. This control system reduces energy consumption and increases the amount of carbon left in the system.
- Blower technology upgrade to a high speed turbo blower. The upgrade achieves further reduction of energy consumption in the aeration process.
- Aerobic sludge age control as a function of temperature and load on the plant. Here frequency converter control of the return sludge pumps is the key to achieving energy reduction and increased retained carbon in the system.
- Upgrade of combined heat and power (CHP) process for energy production, with 90 % energy efficiency.
These changes together with improvements including the effective co-production of electricity and heat based on methane gas extracted from the aerobic sludge digestion process have created the impressive results of:
- 130 % electricity production (30 % excess electricity)
- Excess heat production of about 2.5 GWh/year